What is a Learning Disorder?
A learning disorder is a neurological disorder that affects the ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information.
Children with learning disorders may be just as intelligent or even of greater intelligence than their peers, but often struggle to learn as rapidly as those around them.
Problems associated with mental health and learning disabilities often include difficulty in reading, writing, spelling, recalling, and reasoning, as well as impaired motor skills and problems with mathematical concepts.
Children with untreated learning disorders often fall behind at school and miss out on the fundamental building blocks needed for further learning. Their self esteem can also be affected as they see themselves trying harder than other children, but not getting the reward of good grades or praise from their parents and teachers.
Similarly, an untreated learning disability can cause great psychological anguish for an adult.
While this is often a life-long condition for which there is no quick-fix cure, there are many learning solutions in which a person can be trained to cope with mental health and learning disabilities, and still succeed.
Common Learning Disorders
Dyslexia – is a learning disorder that affects reading and/or writing ability. This is a language-based disability where a person has trouble understanding written words.
Dyscalculia – is a learning disorder that affects mathematical ability. A person with dyscalculia often has difficulty solving math problems and grasping the basic concepts of arithmetic.
Dysgraphia – is a disability in writing, regardless of the ability to read. People with dysgraphia often struggle with writing the shapes of letters or writing within a defined space. This may also be accompanied by other fine motor-skill difficulties.
Auditory and visual processing disorders – these are learning disorders involving sensory disabilities. While a person may be able to see and/or hear normally, these disorders prevent them from making sense of what they see and hear. They will often have difficulties in understanding language, either written or auditory (or both).
Nonverbal learning disabilities – these learning disorders result in problems with visual-spatial, motor, and organizational skills. Commonly they result in difficulties in comprehending nonverbal communication and interactions, which can result in social problems.
Specific language impairment (SLI) – a developmental disorder affecting language acquisition and usage.