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- What are Regional Allergies?
- Common Allergens in U.S. Plains Region
- Symptoms of U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
- Diagnosing U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
- Treatment for U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
What are Regional Allergies?
Regional allergies vary depending on the part of the country you live in. Different regions contain different plants and trees that pollinate at different times of the year. The more you know about allergens common to your area and when they are the most troublesome, the easier it is to prevent and treat the associated symptoms.
The plains region includes the Dakotas, Nebraska and Kansas. This region is home to a variety of allergy-inducing trees, grasses and weeds, keeping allergies present for many months of the year.
Common Allergens in U.S. Plains Region
Trees that cause the most allergy-related issues in the Plains region include birch, cedar, hazelnut, maple and oak. Pollination occurs mostly in the springtime.
Grasses and weeds pollinate throughout the summer and fall. Plantain, ragweed, nettle, rye and wheat are the most common.
Symptoms of U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
Plains regional allergies result in hay fever type symptoms like sneezing, itchy, watery eyes, congestion and sinus inflammation. Other symptoms can include headaches, allergic cough, irritability and asthma. Tree allergies in this region last throughout the spring during pollination and are replaced by grass and weed allergens throughout the summer and fall months until the first hard freeze.
Diagnosing U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
Regional allergies, also called seasonal allergies or hay fever, are based on the time of year. In the Plains region, tree, weed and grass allergies are present from spring through fall. Diagnosis by an allergist usually involves a history of symptoms, timing and exposure. If a detailed history is not enough to make a conclusive determination, skin tests may be used to confirm the diagnosis.
Skin tests involve placing small amounts of allergen extracts just beneath the skin's surface. When allergies are present, a raised bump or minor skin irritation will appear at the site within fifteen minutes. Once the allergens are determined, a personalized treatment and management plan can be established that may include avoiding triggers, the use of medications or immunotherapy depending on the severity of the allergies.
Help for U.S. Plains Regional Allergies
Severe regional allergies are often treated with immunotherapy, a series of allergy shots that build up tolerance to allergy triggers. After allergy testing is complete, a personalized serum is developed and shots are given at regular intervals, helping the body naturally build resistance over time.
For those with minor allergies, simple techniques like removing shoes and clothing immediately after being outdoors and showering right away can eliminate pollens and other toxins that attach to skin, hair and clothing. HEPA air filters and vacuums are also effective for removing pollens brought in from outside. Antihistamine medications are effective for periodic allergy attacks, but not generally recommended for long-term allergy management.