A healthy balanced diet rich in all the essential nutrients and vitamins is necessary not only for general health and well-being, but for eye health too. Vitamins A, C and E in particular play an important role in eye health which is why you may remember your mother always telling you to eat your carrots!
A great source of vitamin A and E, carrots have a long history of improving eye health and enhancing night vision. Other great sources of these anti-oxidant vitamins are oranges, kiwis, grapefruit, dried apricots, tomatoes, peppers, green leafy vegetables including lettuce and spinach, green peas, green beans, nuts, seeds, dairy products, eggs, cheese, fish, poultry, and milk.
Eating a diet low in saturated fats but rich in omega 3 fats may also prevent and slow down the progression of eye-related problems. Minerals and nutrients are also essential in neutralizing the effects of harmful free-radicals thus reducing the risk of age-related eye problems.
There is a relationship between obesity and poor eye sight, so it is essential to lose weight if it has become an issue in your life. Obesity not only increases the chances of diabetes, and thus diabetes-related eye problems, it has also been implicated in an increased risk of cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.
The eyes are particularly vulnerable to continuous exposure to intense sunlight. Studies have shown that the harmful UVA and UVB rays contained in sunlight may be a contributing factor in a number of eye disorders, particularly in the development of cataracts. Sunglasses and UV filters are the best way to protect your eyes from the possible damage caused by these sun rays.
UV filters are often present in prescription glasses and contact lenses, so be sure to confirm with your optometrist that your prescription includes UV filters. Sunglasses that block sun exposure from all angles are also important, so make sure that you wear a good quality brand that adheres to UV protection standards.
It is now known that smoking harms the delicate tissues of the eyes. Research has revealed the negative relationship between smoking and eye diseases and has shown that those who smoke are considerably more likely to develop cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.
Smoking has also been proven to worsen diabetes-related eye disorders . To stop smoking naturally can therefore drastically reduce eye damage and prevent eye problems, making it one of the most preventable ways of reducing eye damage.
One of the most essential steps to keep the eyes healthy is to have them tested on a regular basis. In fact while few people know this, you should have your eyes tested at least every two years to ensure that any eye problems are picked up as early as possible.
Many eye problems progress fairly slowly without the individual even realizing that something is wrong. By having your eyes tested many eye conditions can be diagnosed early, and their progression slowed down or stopped before severe permanent damage has occurred.