With increased stress, frequent mood swings, have become the norm. Sometimes these mood swings can be a sign of more trouble than initially suspected.
Mental disorders can affect emotional health and have biological causes like genetics. Sometimes an individual may suffer from anxiety disorders and show restlessness or idiosyncratic behavior. Anxiety disorders are a state of intense fear and worry that include phobias, excessive panic or stress due to a traumatic experience.
If learning disorders like dyslexia or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are misunderstood during childhood, they can grow to larger proportions during adulthood. While ADHD is lack of ability to focus and is marked by difficulty to remain still, dyslexia is primarily an inability to learn to read.
Clinical depression and bipolar disorders are also extremely common these days. These mental disorders can occur at any age and are marked by emotional reactions like crying, unrestrained sadness and sorrow, lack of motivation and poor self esteem. Bipolar disorder, on the other hand, is essentially frequent mood swings that alternate between mania and depression.
Autism and schizophrenia are extremely serious disorders where there is limited awareness of others, and little to distorted contact with reality.
Biological factors apart, social and emotional health can also be affected by external factors. Societal pressures are so intense these days that handling multiple tasks, expectations and responsibilities can in turn make the brain snap and give in under duress. Extreme traumatic experiences can also trigger genetic dispositions towards mental disorders. The death of a loved one or other environmental factors can also lead to a detrimental effect on the psyche. Even a chemical imbalance in the body can disrupt neural activity, and/or physical injury to the head that damages the central nervous system.
While extensive research is being carried out with significant funding from governments, there is still a lot to be done on understanding the real causes behind mental disorders. The national institutes of mental health and drug and alcohol abuse attempt to promote awareness of mental disorders and the manner in which symptoms can be identified at an early stage. Early intervention in many cases usually leads to alleviating behavioral symptoms associated with emotional disorders.
Instances of emotional disorders caused by environmental factors require a concerted effort on the part of immediate and extended families and communities to help in emotional wellness.