Skin Disorders

Learn about skin disorders and problems such as Psoriasis, Acne, Eczema and related conditions.

Select a Topic

  1. What are Skin Disorders?
  2. Diagnosing Skin Disorders
  3. What Causes Skin Disorders?
  4. Help for Skin Disorders
  5. More Information on Skin Disorders

What are Skin Disorders?

Skin disorders include a wide range of conditions and may be a sign of an underlying illness. Therefore, it is important to receive a proper diagnosis to not only address symptoms, but make sure you are properly and effectively treating it.

A skin disorder not only affects your physical health, but also your emotional well-being. If left untreated, skin disorders often worsen and can even lead to deeper emotional issues such as low self esteem, depression and anxiety.

The skin is a complex organ, composed of three layers – the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis is the thin, outermost layer of the skin. Under the epidermis is a thicker layer of skin called the dermis. The subcutaneous layer, also referred to as the subcutis, is a layer of fat and connective tissue that consists of larger blood vessels and nerves.

Skin disorders are related to the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. They are usually attributed to bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, or may be a sign of imbalance in your system.

Examples of skin disorders include:

  • Acne
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Rosacea
  • Dry skin
  • Pruritus
  • Fungal infections
  • Dermatitis

Diagnosing Skin Disorders

Diagnosing most skin disorders is fairly straightforward and is usually done by means of a thorough examination of the skin and medical history, such as recognizing acne.

Some skin disorders are difficult to diagnose because they can look like other problems. For instance, conditions such as rosacea require proper diagnosis based on a clinical examination by a dermatologist. A skin biopsy or a culture of skin patches may have to be performed in order to differentiate between various types of skin conditions.

What Causes Skin Disorders?

Skin disorders have a wide variety of possible causes based on type and condition. Genetics, hormones, a weak immune system, stress, environmental changes, and diet are all common triggers for a wide range of skin disorders. It is important to receive a proper diagnosis of your skin condition to properly treat it as well as help identify underlying causes.

Help for Skin Disorders

Once you determine your specific skin disorder and its triggers, you may still need additional support to address the symptoms, suited to your needs. Although many over-the-counter and prescription topical creams are effective, using these treatments for extended periods can damage the skin.

It is also important to develop a good skincare routine that involves cleansing and moisturizing your skin in the mornings, evenings and after workouts. Adjusting your lifestyle by eating a healthy diet, getting exercise, drinking lots of water and sustaining healthy sleep patterns will also help to make a significant difference to your skin’s appearance.

More Information on Skin Disorders

Tips for healthy skin
  • Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water per day to keep your skin moist, refreshed and supple
  • Apply moisturizer after a warm face wash to restore oils and keep skin hydrated
  • Keep your face well-protected from UV rays
  • Exercise regularly to maintain skin elasticity and rid the body of toxins naturally
  • Eat a healthy diet full of vitamins and minerals to keep your skin fresh and clean
  • Get good sleep – sleep will help your skin to look more healthy and fresh
  • Be gentle when washing and use a light circular motion
  • Do not squeeze spots!
  • Do not smoke – this causes premature aging and yellowing of the skin
  • Cleanse your face every day, preferably at night before bed
  • Do not use harsh chemicals on your face – a natural cleanser is best
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